Some Useful Idiomatic Expressions

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IDIOMATIC EXPRESSIONS An idiom (Latin: idioma, “special property”, f. Greek: idiōma, “special phrasing”, f. Greek: idi os, “one’s own”) is an expression, word, or phrase that has figurative meaning — its implication comprehended only through common use; whereas the literal definition of the idiom, itself, does not communicate its meaning as a figurative usage. In linguistics, idioms are usually presumed to be figures of speech contradicting the principle of compositionality; yet the matter remai
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  IDIOMATIC EXPRESSIONS An idiom (Latin:  idioma , “special property”, f.Greek:  idiōma , “special phrasing”, f.Greek: idi os , “one’s own”) is an expression,word, or phrasethat hasfigurative meaning— its implication comprehended only through common use; whereas theliteral definitionof the idiom, itself, does not communicate its meaning as a figurative usage.Inlinguistics, idioms are usually presumed to befigures of speechcontradicting theprinciple of compositionality;yet the matter remains debated. an “idiom” as wordscollocatedthat became affixed to each other until metamorphosing into afossilized term.   This collocation — words commonlyused in a group — redefines each component word in theword-groupand become an idiomatic expression . The words develop a specialized meaning as an entity, as an idiom . Moreover, an idiomis an expression, word, or phrase whose sense means something different from what the wordsliterally imply. When a speaker uses an idiom, the listener might mistake its actual meaning, if he or she has not heard this figure of speech before. [3] Idioms usually do not translate well; in some cases,when an idiom is translated into another language, either its meaning is changed or it is meaningless.Idioms might be the most difficult language for a learner of a new language.An idiom is generally acolloquialmetaphor — a term requiring some foundational knowledge, information, or experience, to use only within aculture, where conversational parties must possesscommon cultural references. Therefore, idioms are not considered part of the language, but part of theculture. As culture typically is localized, idioms often are useless beyond their local context;nevertheless, some idioms can be moreuniversalthan others, can be easily translated, and themetaphoricmeaning can be deduced. SOME USEFUL IDIOMATIC EXPRESSIONSAGREE TO - a proposal; a thing, or an action BACK AWAY - retreat or go backwards COME AROUND - become conscious, wake DRIVE UP - make something increase. EASE OFF - reduce pressure. FALL FOR - be attracted to somebody, fall inlove. GIVE UP ON - lose faith in or stop believing insomething or someone. HOLD UP - delay when traveling. ON BEHALF OF - representing on the part of. IRON OUT - remove small problems or irregularities. KEEP AT - continue with something difficult. LIVE IT UP - have a good time by spending alot of money. MAKE UP - stop being angry with someoneThey are always arguing, but they MAKE UPagain very quickly. OPEN UP - start to talk freely about somethingShe hates to OPEN UP and discuss her feelings. PULL OFF - manage to do something difficultor tricky RING OFF - finish a phone conversation SHOOT UP - increase quickly TAKE DOWN - make notes or write down infull ZIP BY - pass quickly  Business IdiomsAcross the board (including everyone or everything) Bang for the buck (value for the moneyspent) Close out (sell the whole of something, sell allthe goods) Deliver the goods (succeed in doing wellwhat is expected) Face value (the official worth or trust of something) Gain ground (go forward, make progress) Heads will roll (someone will be punished) In the black (successful or making money) Jack up (make a price higher) Keep track of  - (keep a count or record, stayinformed) Make a go of  (produce good results, succeed) Number-cruncher  (an accountant, someonewho works with numbers) On hand (in one’s possession, ready) Piece of the action (a share in the activity or the profits of something) Red ink (debt (red ink on a financialstatement) Sell like hotcakes (sell very quickly) Take a nosedive (collapse, fail, decrease invalue) Write off  (remove from a business record,cancel a debt) Colloquial ExpressionsBe my guest (do as you wish) Bend someone’s ear  (talk about a matter attedious length) Caught dead, wouldn’t be (would havenothing to do with; detest)Fair enough (that’s reasonable, I agree) Fast track (a situation involving high pressure,competition, and, especially, rapid success or advancement) Foot the bill (pay the bill, settle the accounts) For crying out loud (an exclamation of anger or exasperation) Get the hang of it (learn the proper way of doing, using or handling something; acquirethe knack of something) The works (everything, the full range of possibilities). Think big (be ambitious) Whole nine yards (everything that is relevant;the whole thing)  You name it (everything one can think of)
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