Important Antipoverty Employment Generation Programs

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Important Antipoverty Employment Generation Programs Started on April 1, 1999. It has replaced the following programs: Integrated Rural Development Program (IRDP) : Started in 1978 - 79). Training Rural Youth for Self -Employment (TRYSEM): Started in 1978-79. Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas (DWCRA): Started in 1978 -79. Ganga Kalyan Yojana (GKY): Started in 1997. Million Wells Scheme (MWS): Started in 1989. Swaranjayanti 1 Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGRY) Supply of Improved Tool-ki
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  Important Antipoverty Employment Generation Programs 1SwaranjayantiGram Swarozgar Yojana (SGRY)Started on April 1, 1999. It has replaced thefollowing programs:Integrated Rural Development Program (IRDP): Started in 1978 - 79).Training Rural Youth for Self -Employment(TRYSEM): Started in 1978-79.Development of Women and Children in RuralAreas (DWCRA): Started in 1978 -79.Ganga Kalyan Yojana (GKY): Started in 1997.Million Wells Scheme (MWS): Started in 1989.Supply of Improved Tool-kits to Rural Artisans(SITRA).The yojana takes into account all the strengthsand weaknesses of the earlier self-employment programs.Every assisted family will be brought above the poverty line. It is proposed to cover 30% of therural poor in each block. To Target at atleast50% Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes,40% women and 3% disabled.2Pradhan MantriGramodayaYojana (PMGY)It was introduced in 2000-01 with the objectiveof focusing on village level development in fivecritical areas I.e., primary health, primaryeducation, housing, rural roads and drinkingwater and nutrition with the overall objective of improving the quality of life of people in ruralareas. Rural electrification was added as anadditional component from 2001-02.It has the following components:Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana (GraminAwas).Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana (RuralDrinking Water Project).3SampoornaGramin Rozgar Yojana (SGRY)It was started on Sept. 25,2001, with themergence of the Employment AssuranceScheme (EAS) and the Jawahar GramSamriddhi Yojana (JGSY). Earlier Jawahar Rozgar Yojana, which started in 1989, wasmerged with Jawahar Gram Samriddhi Yojana.  The objective of the program is to provideadditional wage employment in rural areas andalso to provide food security.4Swarna JayantiShahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY)The SJSRY came into operation in Dec, 1997,through a restructuring and streamlining of theearlier urban poverty alleviation programs, the Nehru Rozgar Yojana (NRY), the Urban BasicServices for the Poor (UBSP) and the PrimeMinister's Integrated Urban Poverty alleviationProgram (PMIUPEP).It seeks to provide employment to the urbanemployed or underemployed living below poverty line and educated up to IX standardthrough encouraging the setting up of self-employment ventures or provision of wageemployment.5Antyodaya AnnaYojanaLaunched on Dec. 25,2000. The scheme aimsat providing food security to poor families.The scheme contemplates identification of 10million 'poorest of the poor' families and providing the \m with 25kg of food grains per family per month at a low price of Rs.2 per Kgfor wheat and Rs.3 per Kg for rice.6AnnapurnaYojanaInaugurated on March 19, 1999.Initially the scheme provided 10 kg food grainsto senior citizens who were eligible fore oldage pension but could not get it due to onereason or the other. Later on, it was extended tocover those people who get old age pensions.Food grains are provided to the beneficiaries atsubsidized rates of Rs.2 per kg of wheat andRs.3 per kg of rice.
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