Topic8.1b labor relations_the_supervisor's_roleinaccidentprevention-rev

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1. Welcome  to Employee  Safety  &  Health  (b) Dyah Pramanik,  MM LABOR  RELATIONS Employee  Safety  &  Health  (b) Dyah Pramanik,  MM [ ] Copyright…
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  • 1. Welcome  to Employee  Safety  &  Health  (b) Dyah Pramanik,  MM LABOR  RELATIONS Employee  Safety  &  Health  (b) Dyah Pramanik,  MM [ ] Copyright © 2011 PearsonEducation, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
  • 2. 8–2 PPT 8_1_b LABOR RELATIONS: Employee Safety & Health
  • 3. 8–3 LEARNING OUTCOMES 1. Answer the question, “What causes accidents?” 2. List and explain five ways to prevent accidents. 1. Answer the question, “What causes accidents?” 2. List and explain five ways to prevent accidents.
  • 4. 16–4 Occupational Safety Law Occupational Safety and Health Act The law passed by Congress in 1970 to assure so far as possible safe and healthful working conditions and to preserve human resources. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) The agency created within the Department of Labor to set safety and health standards for almost all workers in the United States.
  • 5. 16–5 OSHA Standards and Record Keeping OSHA Standards • OSHA sets general industry standards, maritime standards, construction standards, other regulations and procedures, and issues a field operations manual. Record Keeping • Employers with 11 or more employees must maintain records of, and report, occupational injuries and occupational illnesses. • Occupational illness o Any abnormal condition or disorder caused by exposure to environmental factors associated with employment.
  • 6. 16–6 FIGURE 16–1 OSHA Standards Example Guardrails not less than 2” × 4” or the equivalent and not less than 36” or more than 42” high, with a midrail, when required, of a 1” × 4” lumber or equivalent, and toeboards, shall be installed at all open sides on all scaffolds more than 10 feet above the ground or floor. Toeboards shall be a minimum of 4” in height. Wire mesh shall be installed in accordance with paragraph [a] (17) of this section.
  • 7. 16–7 FIGURE 16–2 What Accidents Must Be Reported Under the Occupational Safety and Health Act?
  • 8. 16–8 FIGURE 16–3 Form Used to Record Occupational Injuries and Illnesses
  • 9. 16–9 OSHA Inspection Priorities • Inspections of imminent danger situations • Inspections of catastrophes, fatalities, and accidents that have already occurred • Inspections related to valid employee complaints of alleged violation standards • Periodic, special-emphasis inspections aimed at high-hazard industries, occupations, or substances • Random inspections and reinspections
  • 10. 16–10 Citations and Penalties Citation Is a summons informing employers and employees of the regulations and standards that have been violated in the workplace. Penalties Are calculated based on the gravity of the violation and usually take into consideration factors like the size of the business, the firm’s compliance history, and the employer’s good faith.
  • 11. 16–11 FIGURE 16–4 Most Frequently Cited Hazards
  • 12. Inspection Guidelines
  • 13. 16–13 Initial Contact • Refer inspector to the company’s OSHA coordinator. • Check inspector’s credentials. • Ask inspector why he or she is inspecting the workplace: Complaint? Regular scheduled visit? Fatality or accident follow-up? Imminent danger? • If the inspection stems from a complaint, you are entitled to know whether the person is a current employee, though not the person’s name. • Notify your counsel.
  • 14. 16–14 Opening Conference • Establish focus and scope of the planned inspection. • Discuss procedures for protecting trade secret areas. • Show inspector that you have safety programs in place. He or she may not go to the work floor if paperwork is complete and up to date.
  • 15. 16–15 Walk-Around Inspection • Accompany the inspector and take detailed notes. • If inspector takes a photo or video, you should, too. • Ask for duplicates of all physical samples and copies of all test results. • Be helpful and cooperative, but don’t volunteer information. • To the extent possible, immediately correct any violation the inspector identifies.
  • 16. Employer Responsibilities • To meet the duty to provide “a workplace free from recognized hazards.” • To be familiar with mandatory OSHA standards. • To examine workplace conditions to make sure they conform to applicable standards. Employer Rights • To seek advice and off-site consultation from OSHA. • To request and receive proper identification of the OSHA compliance officer before inspection. • To be advised by the compliance officer of the reason for an inspection. 16–16 Responsibilities and Rights of Employers
  • 17. Employee Responsibilities • To comply with all applicable OSHA standards. • To follow all employer safety and health rules and regulations. • To report hazardous conditions to the supervisor. Employee Rights • The right to demand safety and health on the job without fear of punishment. OSHA cannot cite employees for violations of their responsibilities. 16–17 Responsibilities and Rights of Employees
  • 18. 16–18 FIGURE 16–5 OSHA Safety Poster
  • 19. 16–19 Dealing with Employee Resistance The employer is liable for any penalties that result from employees’ noncompliance with OSHA standards. • Ways to gain compliance o Bargain with the union for the right to discharge or discipline an employee who disobeys an OSHA standard. o Establish a formal employer-employee arbitration process for resolving OSHA-related disputes. o Use positive reinforcement and training for gaining employee compliance.
  • 20. 1. Ignore or retaliate against employees who raise safety issues. 2. Antagonize or lie to OSHA during an inspection. 3. Keep inaccurate OSHA logs and have disorganized safety files. 4. Do not correct hazards OSHA has cited you for and ignore commonly cited hazards. 5. Fail to control the flow of information during and after an inspection. 6. Do not conduct a safety audit, or identify a serious hazard and do nothing about it. 7. Do not use appropriate engineering controls. 8. Do not take a systemic approach toward safety. 9. Do not enforce safety rules. 10. Ignore industrial hygiene issues. Ways To Get into Trouble with OSHA10
  • 21. 8–21 K E Y T E R M S § Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 § Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) § Occupational illness § Citation § Unsafe conditions § Behavior-based safety § Burnout --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  • 22. 8–22 All  rights  reserved.  No  part  of  this  publication  may  be  reproduced,   stored  in  a  retrieval  system,  or  transmitted,  in  any  form  or  by  any   means,  electronic,  mechanical,  photocopying,  recording,  or   otherwise,  without  the  prior  written  permission  of  the  publisher.   Printed  in  the  United  States  of  America. Copyright © 2011 PearsonEducation, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
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