Persona Medial Congruent Bearing. Design Rationale

Please download to get full document.

View again

of 24
559 views
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.

Download

Document Related
Document Description
Persona Medial Congruent Bearing Design Rationale Table of Contents Recreating the Feel of a Healthy Knee... 2 Healthy Knee: Stability and Motion... 3 Zimmer Biomet s STABILITY and MOTION Heritage Personalized
Document Share
Document Transcript
Persona Medial Congruent Bearing Design Rationale Table of Contents Recreating the Feel of a Healthy Knee... 2 Healthy Knee: Stability and Motion... 3 Zimmer Biomet s STABILITY and MOTION Heritage Personalized Implants... 5 Stabilized Motion: Restores Confidence Stability Through Conformity: Empowers Mobility High-Flexion Design: Renews Life Proven Femoral Geometry: Facilitates Axial Rotation Proven Technology Vivacit-E HPXE Technology: Provides Long-Lasting Assurance Persona Implant Options Persona Bearing Compatibility 2 Persona Medial Congruent Bearing Design Rationale Recreating the Feel of a Healthy Knee Although Total Knee Arthroplasty has long ranked among the most successful procedures in modern medicine, patients are becoming more demanding, and their definition of a successful knee surgery is evolving. Recent studies suggest that one in four patients are not fully satisfied with their new knee. Upon review of the literature, many patient complaints stem from the fact that their total knee replacement simply feels different than their healthy knee felt prior to surgery. 1,2,3 Stiff 64% Tight 54% Painful 3% Numb 26% Grinding 21% Weak 21% Unstable 17% Foreign 15% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Adjectives dissatisfied patients use to describe their knee following TKA 3 Persona Medial Congruent Bearing Design Rationale Healthy Knee: Stability and Motion Historically, many TKA implant designs have prioritized pain reduction and survivorship ahead of restoring a natural feel. Studies show that as a healthy knee travels through gait, it experiences limited medial translation as the femur externally rotates relative to the tibia. While the lateral condyle and meniscus move more freely atop the convex lateral tibial plateau, both in anteroposterior translation and along an arcuate path, the concave geometry of the medial tibia and a more rigid medial meniscus limits medial motion to stabilize the knee. Many contemporary knee designs do not replicate this difference in motion between the two compartments, thus creating the need for an improved TKA design that more closely replicates the motion of a healthy knee. 4, 5 The convex lateral tibial plateau and a more mobile meniscus allows for more motion. The concave medial tibial plateau and a more rigid meniscus provide stability. 4 Persona Medial Congruent Bearing Design Rationale The introduction of the Persona Medial Congruent Bearing is an evolutionary step forward in Zimmer Biomet s long medial pivot heritage. In 185, the Natural-Knee System was launched with a UC bearing and introduced the concept of constraint through conformity. In 186, the M/G I CR Femur was released with asymmetric femoral condyles to simulate the medial pivot motion of a healthy knee. The NexGen Knee System and the Natural-Knee II have continued to evolve these design attributes. The addition of the medial congruent bearing to the Persona System combines these two philosophies to create the most natural feeling, kinematically driven, bearing Zimmer Biomet has designed. Zimmer Biomet s STABILITY and MOTION Heritage 186 Miller/Galante CR Femur 14 NexGen System 2002 NexGen High-Flex Asymmetric Femoral Condyle Lineage Ultracongruent Bearing Lineage 2007 Natural-Knee High-Flex 2015 Persona Medial Congruent: Asymmetric Femoral Condyles on a Medial Congruent Bearing 185 Natural-Knee: Ultracongruent Insert 15 Natural-Knee II 5 Persona Medial Congruent Bearing Design Rationale Personalized Implants Personalized Approach: Improves Satisfaction To create a more natural feel and improved function for patients, postoperatively, a system needs to include a vast array of implant and instrument options. Persona The Personalized Knee is the solution. 2 mm increments eliminate intraoperative compromise The Persona Knee offers both standard and narrow femur options, in 2 mm increments, along with 1 mm bearing thicknesses to allow surgeons to take preoperative patient specificity and intraoperative flexibility to an entirely new level. Restore soft tissue balance with 2 mm increments that allow for replication of the native anterior/posterior dimension Eliminate overhang and associated pain observed in 56% of patients with a full offering of standard and narrow shaped implants 6 Enhanced high-flex design safely accommodates up to 155 degrees of flexion while preserving 30% more native bone 3 6 Persona Medial Congruent Bearing Design Rationale The Persona Anatomic Tibia facilitates proper rotation with an unprecedented level of surface coverage. 2% bone coverage with proper rotation 2 45% less internal/external rotational variability than symmetric tibias 3 Virtually eliminate insert micromotion with proprietary Quadra-Lock Technology The medial congruent bearing evolves the Persona personalized approach to improving patient satisfaction by introducing a bearing that recreates a more natural feeling motion. Persona tibial profiles Anatomic tibia allows for optimal tibia coverage and rotation. 7 Persona Medial Congruent Bearing Design Rationale Stabilized Motion: Restores Confidence From the perspective of patients, the key to developing a more natural feeling knee is developing implant geometries that function harmoniously with their native kinematics and more closely reproduce the motion and stability they experienced prior to experiencing knee arthritis. When striving to achieve such a goal with an implant design, one of the most difficult obstacles to overcome is achieving maximum stability throughout the full range of motion, and maintaining it while in full extension. Many contemporary knee designs compromise motion to prioritize stability, while others compromise stability to prioritize motion. The medial congruent bearing design incorporates both through the concept of stabilized motion. The system s medial conformity and anterior constraint stabilize the knee from full extension through deep flexion to restore patient confidence during daily activities. In contrast, the lateral condyle is designed to move more freely along an arcuate path to recreate the motion of a healthy knee. The PCL retention option may further enhance the patient experience by providing proprioceptive feedback. 8 Persona Medial Congruent Bearing Design Rationale A/P Laxity Envelopes 5 5 post. (-) / ant. (+) trans. [mm] Lateral post. (-) / ant. (+) trans. [mm] Medial Flexion [degrees] Flexion [degrees] PCL Retained PCL Sacrificed Medial, sagittal conformity of 1.1:1 or better minimizes medial translation to enhance stability, as the lateral condyle moves more freely. Enhanced femoral-tibial conformity improves knee stability and a feeling of security. The Persona Medial Congruent Bearing offers the best conformity within the Persona System. Sagittal conformity of 1.1:1 or better is offered throughout the size range to achieve stability through conformity. Increased conformity results in greater contact area to reduce contact stresses. Medial contact area is maximized as the lateral condyle externally rotates around a stable medial femoral condyle. Contact Area Comparison Flexion Angle Persona MC Persona UC NK Flex UC Lateral Medial Lateral Medial Lateral Medial MC s increased medial contact area equates to greater stability. Persona Medial Congruent Bearing Design Rationale Stability Through Conformity: Empowers Mobility Achieving stability in extension and during stair descent is essential for restoring patient confidence during daily activities. The medial congruent bearing offers up to a 13 mm anterior lip height to provide greater anterior constraint and subluxation resistance. Anterior Subluxation Force Anterior Constraint in Extension Persona MC Persona UC Persona CR In full extension, stability is achieved by maximizing medial conformity. Subluxation resistance for the medial congruent bearing has been maximized to increase stability. 30 degrees Full Extension 10 Persona Medial Congruent Bearing Design Rationale 120 degrees Entering into deep flexion, the lateral condyle pivots along an arcuate path. A more posterior dwell point permits deep flexion as medial conformity provides stability. 0 degrees As the knee rotates and transitions into mid-flexion, stability is achieved medially via increased constraint and limited A/P translation. 60 degrees Average A/P Laxity from 0 to 120 degrees 11mm 3mm Medial femoral condyle remains more stationary as the lateral condyle follows a 14 degree arcuate path. 11 Persona Medial Congruent Bearing Design Rationale High-Flexion Design: Renews Life The ability to achieve deep flexion is essential for performing daily activities in many cultures throughout the world. The dwell points of the Persona Medial Congruent Bearing have been moved posterior to allow surgeons to restore a patient s full range of flexion. Competitor Persona MC Anterior Dwell Point A more anterior dwell point may result in early posterior femoral bone impingement on the posterior lip of a tibial insert. Posterior Dwell Point A more posterior dwell point accommodates deeper flexion before posterior, femoral bone contacts the posterior lip of a tibial insert. 12 Persona Medial Congruent Bearing Design Rationale Posterior Dwell Point Location As the Persona CR Femur transitions into deep flexion, the lateral condyle is free to follow an arcuate path to facilitate the external rotation, which is essential for achieving deep knee bend. When combined with Zimmer Biomet s high flex femoral heritage, the end result is a stable, natural feeling, medial pivot motion that safely accommodates up to 155 degrees of flexion. Traditional Posterior Deep Flexion in Motion When compared to traditional bearings, the medial congruent dwell point has been shifted posteriorly to assist in achieving flexion. Safely accommodates up to 155 degrees of flexion. 13 Persona Medial Congruent Bearing Design Rationale Proven Femoral Geometry: Facilitates Axial Rotation The Persona CR femoral condyle dimensions are based upon the clinically proven Natural-Knee CR femoral design, a design that achieved.1% survivorship in 10 years. 7 By offering 21 distinct profiles, in 2 mm increments, the Persona Femur is one of the most comprehensive femoral offerings on the market with the finest sizing increments. 14 Persona Medial Congruent Bearing Design Rationale Each Persona CR Femur features asymmetric condyles that assist in recreating the medial pivot motion of a healthy knee. 8 The lateral distal femoral condyle is larger than the medial to facilitate lateral, axial rotation along an arcuate path. As the femur transitions through the arc of motion, the asymmetric femoral condyles work in conjunction with the medial congruent bearing to more closely replicate the medial pivot motion of a healthy knee. The Persona Femur preserves the Zimmer Biomet proven patellafemoral articulation, including its depth, condylar dimensions, and aspect ratio. However, unlike previous generation designs, Persona chamfer cuts eliminate the extra step required to create a trochlear recess. When compared to contemporary PS femoral designs, the exclusion of the trochlear recess and PS box cut steps not only improves operating room efficiency, but makes the Persona CR Femur our most bone-preserving design. Medial Bone Conservation Lateral Asymmetric femoral condyles assist in recreating a medial pivot motion. A Persona CR femur preserves 32% more bone than a competitive PS femur design, which requires a box cutout. 3 15 Persona Medial Congruent Bearing Design Rationale Proven Technology Vivacit-E Technology: Provides Long-Lasting Assurance First generation highly crosslinked polyethylene has shown significant improvements over conventional polyethylene; however, compromises still remain: Vitamin-E is grafted directly to the polyethylene chain to prevent elution for long-term oxidative protection. Remelting of crosslinked polyethylene reduces wear and eliminates free radicals at the expense of strength and toughness. Below-melt/sequentially annealed polyethylene reduces wear and provides strength comparable to conventional polyethylene; however, free radicals remain, compromising oxidative stability. 16 Persona Medial Congruent Bearing Design Rationale Exceptional Oxidative Stability The Persona Medial Congruent Bearing is available in Zimmer Biomet s most advanced polyethylene bearing technology, Vivacit-E Highly Crosslinked Polyethylene (HXPE). Vivacit-E HXPE technologically provides superior oxidative stability, wear resistance and mechanical strength over any highly crosslinked and conventional polyethylene, with no compromises. 3 Retention of Mechanical Properties & Oxidative Stability 100% 80% 60% 40% In-Vitro Oxidation Data (Accelerated Aging) Conventional PE Remelted HXPE Vivacit-E HXPE Standard aging cycle (2 weeks) ASTM F % Accelerated Aging Time (weeks) 6% Reduction in Wear Compared to Conventional Polyethylene Compared to other highly crosslinked and antioxidant formulations, Vivacit-E HXPE has shown the highest reduction in wear through in-vitro testing Vitamin-E Protection Prevents Oxidation After accelerated aging for 33 weeks, 16 times longer than the industry standard, Vivacit-E HXPE showed no sign of oxidation or significant changes in material properties. 3 % Wear Reduction compared to Conventional Polyethylene 7% 86% 6% Improved Strength Over Conventional Polyethylene Conventional polyethylene has long been considered the gold standard in mechanical properties. Due to the grafting of Vitamin-E, Vivacit-E HXPE has demonstrated superior tensile strength over conventional polyethylene. Furthermore, it retains its mechanical strength after long-term aging. 3 MPa Conventional X3 E1 Vivacit-E HXPE Ultimate Tensile Strength 0 Vivacit-E HXPE Conventional 17 Persona Medial Congruent Bearing Design Rationale Persona Tibial Size Persona Implant Options Persona Bearing Compatibility MC A B C D E F G H 1 (50 mm) 1-2/AB 2 (52 mm) 3 (54 mm) 3-4/AB 4 (56 mm) Persona CR Femoral Size (AP Dimension) 5 (58 mm) 6 (60 mm) 7 (62 mm) 8 (64 mm) 4-5/CD 6-7/CD 8-/CD (66 mm) 4-5/EF 6-7/EF 8-11/EF 8-11/GH 10 (50 mm) 11 (70 mm) 12 (74 mm) J 12/J 12/GH CR 1 (50 mm) 2 (52 mm) 3 (54 mm) 4 (56 mm) Persona CR Femoral Size (AP Dimension) 5 (58 mm) 6 (60 mm) 7 (62 mm) 8 (64 mm) (66 mm) 10 (50 mm) 11 (70 mm) 12 (74 mm) Persona Tibial Size A B C D E F G H 1-2/AB 1-2/CD 3-6/AB 3-/CD 3-11/EF 7-12/GH J -12/J UC 1 (50 mm) 2 (52 mm) 3 (54 mm) 4 (56 mm) Persona CR Femoral Size (AP Dimension) 5 (58 mm) 6 (60 mm) 7 (62 mm) 8 (64 mm) (66 mm) 10 (50 mm) 11 (70 mm) 12 (74 mm) Persona Tibial Size A B C D E F G H 1-2/AB 1-2/CD 3-4/AB 3-7/CD 4-11/EF 7-12/GH J -12/J Persona Tibial Size PS A B C D E F G H J 1 (50 mm) 1-2/AB 2 (52 mm) 3 (54 mm) 4 (56 mm) 3-5/AB Persona PS Femoral Size (PS Dimension) 5 (58 mm) 6 (60 mm) 7 (62 mm) 1-2/CD 3-5/CD 6-/CD 8 (64 mm) (66 mm) 10 (50 mm) 3-5/EF 6-/EF 10-11/EF 6-/GH 11 (70 mm) 10-12/GH 10-12/J 12 (74 mm) 18 Persona Medial Congruent Bearing Design Rationale Condyle Thickness Condyle Thickness Distal Thickness Distal Thickness Functional A/P Functional A/P A/P M/L A/P M/L Persona CR Femoral (Narrow) Dimensions Size Overall Functional A/P (mm) A/P (mm) Overall M/L (mm) Distal Thickness (mm) Condyle Thickness (mm) Persona CR Femoral (Standard) Dimensions Size Overall Functional A/P (mm) A/P (mm) Overall M/L (mm) Distal Thickness (mm) Condyle Thickness (mm) A/P Lateral A/P Medial 3.4 mm Max. 13 mm Max. Persona Medial Congruent Dimensions Size Anterior Medial Lip Height Posterior Medial Lip Height M/L Persona Stemmed Tibial Baseplate Dimensions Size Medial A/P (mm) Lateral A/P (mm) Overall M/L (mm) Keel Medialization (mm) 4-5/CD 6-7/CD 8-/CD 4-5/EF 6-7/EF 8-11/EF 8-11/GH 12/GH 12/J A B C D E F G H I Notes 1 Persona Medial Congruent Bearing Design Rationale 20 Persona Medial Congruent Bearing Design Rationale Notes References 1. Bourne, R. et al. Patient Satisfaction After Total Knee Arthroplasty: Who Is Satisfied and Who Is Not? Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. 468: 57 63, Baker, P. et al. The Role of Pain and Function in Determining Patient Satisfaction After Total Knee Replacement. National Registry for England and Wales in Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (British). 8-B: 83 00, Data on file at Zimmer Biomet. 4. Komistek, R. et al. In Vivo Fluoroscopic Analysis of the Normal Knee. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. 410: 6 81, Freeman, M. et al. The Movement of the Knee Studied by Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. 410: 35 43, Mahoney, O. et al. Overhang of the Femoral Component in Total Knee Arthroplasty: Risk Factors and Clinical Consequences. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (American). 2: , Hoffman, A. et al. Ten to 14-Year Clinical Followup of the Cementless Natural Knee System. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. 388: 85 4, Bertin, K. et al. In Vivo Determination of Posterior Femoral Rollback for Subjects Having a NexGen Posterior Cruciate-Retaining Total Knee Arthroplasty. The Journal of Arthroplasty. 8: , Zimmer Biomet Legal Manufacturer Zimmer, Inc 1800 West Center Street Warsaw, IN USA REV0616 zimmerbiomet.com
Search Related
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks