HEALT & SAFETY IN THE OIL & GAS INDUSTRY

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1. HEALTH AND SAFETY IN THE OIL & GAS INDUSTRY Author: Eng. Alejandro Levy Land Seismic Operations Seis.eng01@gmail.com Bolivia - 2016 2. INDEX UNSAFE ACT &…
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  • 1. HEALTH AND SAFETY IN THE OIL & GAS INDUSTRY Author: Eng. Alejandro Levy Land Seismic Operations Seis.eng01@gmail.com Bolivia - 2016
  • 2. INDEX UNSAFE ACT & CONDITIONS MANAGEMENT SYSTEM PPE ELECTRICAL SAFETY LOCKOUT / TAGOUT WALKING SURFACESLADDERS & SCAFFOLDS VIOLENCE AT WORK FIRST AIDS FIRE TYPES RADIATION
  • 3. INTRODUCTION
  • 4. SAFETY AT WORK Work Safety is the set of actions that can recognize and assess risks and establish measures to prevent accidents. The work safety is a shared responsibility which involves all the members inside an organization. UNSAFE ACTS Performance of a task or other activity that is conducted in a manner that may threaten the health and/or safety of workers. UNSAFE CONDITIONS A condition in the work place that is likely to cause property damage or injury.
  • 5. Unsafe Acts
  • 6. Unsafe Conditions
  • 7. Management System:  Every organization should have a clear policy for the systematic management of health and safety so that health and safety risk maybe effectively addressed and controlled.  A good health and safety policy will indicate the goals that the adopted health and safety management system hopes to achieve.  The health and safety policy and management system will also complement those policies in areas such as quality, the environment and human resources. As for those areas, for the health and safety policy and its associated management system to be successful, it must have realistic goals and the active support and involvement of all levels of management within the organization.
  • 8. MANAGEMENT SYSTEM PLANNING PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT IMPROVEMENT  Includes a policy statement which outlines the health and safety aims, objectives and commitment of the organization and lines of responsibility.  It will only be successful if there is good communication between all levels of the organization.  Must be monitored on a regular basis  Active: Includes work- based inspections and audits, safety committee meetings.  Reactive: Relies on records of accident, work-related injuries and ill-health as well as near miss.  Any recommended remedial or preventative actions. • Iinvolve a review of the effectiveness of the health and safety management system. • Management line is responsible for this stage. • Time scale must be defined for any improvement process.
  • 9. ETAPAS AUDITORIA  Establish standards for health and safety management based on risk assessment and legal requirements.  Implement plans to achieve objectives and standards.  Measures progress with plans and compliance with standards.  Review against objectives and standards and take appropriate action Internal External Hybrid To assess the effectiveness of the whole management process. Plan Do Check Act
  • 10. Emergency Contingency Plan (ECP)  The emergency contingency plan has been developed to provide an organized plan of action to prepare and respond to major natural and human-caused emergencies that threaten any worker. The SIPP protects occupants in the event of a hazardous materials release in the community or for other scenarios when it would be safer to remain in the building. Emergency Situations. This emergency action plan authorizes the administrative closing offices for brief periods of time because of emergency conditions. The OEP contains procedures to keep employees and visitors safe at the facilities. The plan covers medical emergencies, fire, bomb threats and the handling of suspicious packages. Shelter in Place Plan (SIPP) Local Contingency Plans for the Administrative Closing of Offices During Occupant Emergency Plan (OEP)
  • 11. D E F I N I T I O N S Any incident, human-caused or natural, that requires responsive action to protect life and property. Major fires, hurricanes, earthquake, tornadoes, snow and severe weather. A planned, non-emergency activity. Hazardous chemical releases, civil disorders, riots, bombs, hostage situations, etc EMERGENCY Event Natural Emergencies Human-Caused Emergencies
  • 12. Procedures  Each office will develop emergency plans applicable to their needs.  Emergencies will be assessed by the responsible HoD and HSE Manager. The appropriate emergency plan will be implemented based upon the nature and seriousness of the emergency.  Exercises will be conducted periodically to evaluate the effectiveness of the plans.  Any time an emergency plan is implemented, whether it is for an actual emergency or an exercise, the response will be documented.  The documentation will include the date, description of the scenario, actions taken or parts of the plan implemented, participants, and critique.  The critique will identify what went well and what areas need improvement.  Plans will be modified as necessary to correct deficiencies
  • 13. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)  The object of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is to protect employees from the risk of injury by creating a barrier against workplace hazards.  PPE will be provided, used, and maintained when it has been determined that its use is required and that such use will lessen the likelihood of occupational injury and/or illness.
  • 14. RESPONSABILITIES  Each Section Head and/or Manager have the primary responsibility for implementation of the PPE Program in their work area.  HSE Advisors will:  Provide appropriate PPE and make it available to employees;  Ensure and certify completion of a PPE assessment;  Ensure employees are trained on the proper use, care, and cleaning of PPE;  Maintain records of training and PPE supplied;  Supervise employees to ensure that the PPE Program elements are followed and that employees properly use and care for PPE;  Ensure defective or damaged equipment is immediately removed from service;  Ensure proper disposal and cleaning of contaminated PPE
  • 15. HAZARD ASSESSNENT  Based on a general assessment of all work sites employees will utilize:  safety glasses  safety shoes.  hard hats.  At the start of any inspection/audit or other field activity, the HoD and/or HSE Manager will assess the need for PPE and what kind is need it.  If in the course of an inspection/audit or other field activity, the HSE professional encounters a hazardous condition requiring the use of PPE, not addressed before, the HSE employee will address the hazardous condition with the Manager and HoD, and done the appropriate PPE before proceeding unless other appropriate action eliminates the hazard.
  • 16. PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND EQUIPMENT  Size appropriate protective clothing and equipment will be worn to protect against injury from flash fire hazards, water hazards, contact with hot or molten metal, chemical exposure, weather conditions, and hazards due to low visibility (such as on road construction sites).  For general inclement weather hazards, waterproof/chemical resistant jacket and pants outerwear;  Appropriate fire-retardant jackets and pants, whose inventory identifying the location and size will be shared among all the offices
  • 17. TRAINING  1. PPE training will include the following elements: 1. When PPE is necessary. 2. What PPE is necessary. 3. How to properly don, doff, and adjust PPE. 4. Limitations of PPE. 5. Care, maintenance, disposal, and useful life of PPE.  Retraining is required when: 1. There are indications that PPE is not being used properly. 2. There are changes in the PPE policy or equipment.
  • 18. ELECTRICALSAFETY  The aim is to protect employees from electrical hazards during their everyday job. ELECTRICAL HAZARD A dangerous condition such that contact or equipment failure can result in electric shock, flash burn, thermal burn, or blast. A study investigating a worker’s potential exposure to arc flash energy, conducted for the purpose of injury prevention and the determination of safe work practices and the appropriate levels of PPE. Flash Hazard Analysis An approach limit at a distance from exposed live parts within employee could receive a second-degree burn if an electrical arc flash were to occur. Flash Protection Boundary PPE Personal Protective Equipment. An employee training on and knowledgeable of the electrical equipment to be evaluated, safe methods of using test equipment, and in the recognition of electrical hazards that might be present with respect to that equipment and the voltages involved. Qualified Employee
  • 19. Responsibilities The HoD and/or Manager have the primary responsibility for implementation of the Electrical Safety Program. Ensure defective or damaged equipment is immediately removed from service. Ensure the Electrical Safety Program is followed. Provide appropriate PPE and make it available to employees. Provide appropriate and approved electrical testing equipment Ensure employees are trained on electrical hazards.
  • 20. Responsibilities Employees are responsible for following the requirements. Report to the responsible Manager any inspection situation where the employee has a question about their qualifications or proper equipment for the inspection Be familiar with the use and hazards of appropriate electrical test equipment. Attend electrical safe work practices training Know how to determine the nature and extent of the potential electrical hazard Be familiar with appropriate PPE and safe approach distances
  • 21. CONTROL OF HAZARDOUS ENERGY SOURCES  These hazards are applicable by the case of an inadvertent or unintended release of energy, movement, or flow in electrical, mechanical, or material systems, which could result in injury to employees.  Lockout of these systems must be utilized to safely allow entrance into or close contact with equipment.  These procedures will be used to ensure that machines or equipment being inspected are isolated from all potentially hazardous energy and locked out before employees perform any activities where unexpected energizing, start up, or release of stored energy could cause injury.  Only authorized employees may apply locks and tags.  Prior to the application of any lockout device, the HSE advisor must be notified prior his approval.  If equipment cannot be safely locked out, then inspection procedures requiring contact with equipment which exposes the employees to any hazards will not be performed.
  • 22.  C. Energy Isolation Device.  D. Lockout Coordinator.  E. Lockout Device.  F. Tagout Device. A prominent warning device, such as a tag, and a means of attachment, that can be securely fastened to an energy isolating device in accordance with an established procedure to indicate that the energy isolating device and the equipment being controlled may not be operated until the tagout device is removed. For purposes of this program, only lockout devices will be used; tags are only used in conjunction with locks.
  • 23. L O C K O U T / T A G O U T Energy Isolation Device D E V I C E S Lockout Coordinator Lockout Device Tagout Device A mechanical device that physically prevents the transmission or release of energy, including but not limited to manually operated circuit breakers, disconnect switches, line valves, block and any similar devices. Push buttons, selector switches and other control circuits are not acceptable as energy isolating devices. The Regional Coordinator who coordinates the regional lockout program, and who will respond to questions concerning the application and implementation of the program. He may also conduct training and annual reviews of the program. A device that utilizes a positive means, such as a key or combination lock, to hold an energy isolating device in a safe position and prevent the energizing of a machine or equipment. A prominent warning device, such as a tag, and a means of attachment, that can be securely fastened to an energy isolating device in accordance with an established procedure to indicate that the energy isolating device and the equipment being controlled may not be operated until the tagout device is removed. For purposes of this program, only lockout devices will be used; tags are only used in conjunction with locks.
  • 24. Responsibilities 1. Ensuring that employees understand the purpose of the Lockout. 2. Check that employees have the knowledge and skills required for the safe application, usage, and removal of energy control devices. 3. Providing locks and tags to authorized employees. 4. Assuring post-evaluations, in lieu of periodic evaluations, are conducted with authorized HSE Managers following each application of the lockout procedure. 1. Ensuring they are responsible for complying with the requirements of the Lockout Program. 2. Authorized HSE employees are responsible for performing lockout procedures in accordance with the Lockout Program. MANAGEMENT EMPLOYEES
  • 25. P R O C E D U R E S Before locking out  When it has been determined that a machine or equipment must be locked out, the authorized HSE employee must review the employer’s lockout program, including any machine specific procedures, and determine their effectiveness.  The HSE Manager must then interview the employer’s own authorized employee(s) to verify that the employee(s) are familiar with the equipment, its energy sources, and any procedures in place, for the purpose of energy isolation and control.  When the employer’s lockout program is not in compliance with the standards the authorized employee cannot assure the effectiveness of the lockout program, the authorized employee will not proceed with the lockout procedure and will then use alternate safe procedures to document potential hazards.  Where lockout procedures are to be utilized, the authorized HSE advisor/manager will inform the other heads of departments as per interest.  Prior to the application of any lockout device, the employee must notify his or her responsible Manager and HSE Manager about the intended action and request their approval. Locking out  Equipment may, and often will, include more than one energy source and/or multiple isolating locations.  The energy sources may include electrical, mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, and other forms of energy, such as residual energy from spring tension or the effects of gravity.  If at any time the authorized employee is uncertain that the employer’s lockout procedures sufficiently isolate and control all of the hazardous energy sources, the authorized employee will not proceed with lockout, and will use alternate safe procedures to document potential hazards.  The authorized employee will assure that the equipment was fully de-energizes and utilizes an appropriate and effective energy isolating device(s) for the equipment/machine.  After ensuring that no personnel are exposed to hazards, the employee will conduct a verification of the lockout by operating the push button or other operating controls to assure that the equipment will not operate.  Once the equipment is locked-out, the HSE Manager will limit their time of exposure to the absolute minimum needed to complete the inspection.
  • 26. WALKING WORKING SURFACES • This is intended to protect employees from potential health and safety hazards encountered with walking/working surfaces in the office and in the field. RESPONSABILITIES o Training for all office, administrative, and field employees on the procedures outlined in this Chapter. o Providing proper tools and equipment to ensure that the procedures are followed. o Ensuring reported unsafe conditions are corrected. Manager EMPLOYEE o Reporting all safety problems immediately to their supervisor. o Maintaining a neat and sanitary office environment. o Following all office safety and health policies.
  • 27. P R O C E D U R E S WORKER AREAS FLOORS & STAIRS TRIP HAZARDS STEP STOOLS STAIRS & RAMPS ICY CONDITIONS Keep all worker areas, aisles, and passageways, including stairs, doorways, electrical panels and exits, free and clear of obstructions, and maintain them in a clean, orderly, and sanitary fashion. Maintain floors and stairs in a clean and dry condition. All trip hazards must be eliminated. Common hazards include damaged carpeting, cords in walking areas, and projecting floor electrical outlet boxes. Step stools, if equipped with wheels, should have an automatically locking base or wheel locks. Inspect to ensure all parts are secure and safety features, such as wheel locks and anti-slip treads, are intact and properly functioning. During cold weather, employees will be cautioned about icy conditions on walkways and parking lots. Stairs, ramps and walkways will be clear and in good condition. Always us the handrail provided when ascending or descending stairs.
  • 28. LADDERS Make sure the ladder is the proper height for the job. Extension ladders will be at least 3 feet taller than the point of support and stepladders will be selected so that the worker is never required to use the top two steps. Inspect ladders before use. Defective ladders will not be used. Some signs of defects include: broken rungs, split side rails, worn or broken safety feet, broken hinges and spreaders, loose nuts, bolds and/or rivets. If defective, remove ladder from service and place a warning tag reading on it “DO NOT USE.” When using a straight ladder, place feet on a firm surface and secure it at the top so that it cannot slide sideways. Always face the ladder when climbing or descending. Use both hands – never carry anything in your hands. You have climbed too high if your knees are above the top of the ladder or if you cannot maintain a handhold on the ladder. There should only be one person on a ladder at any time unless designed for multiple users. Do not use metal ladders if there is the possibility of contact with electrical conductors. Never use a stepladder as a straight ladder. Do not use stepladders as a brace or support for a work platform or plank. Never lean from the side of a ladder. If necessary, the task will be evaluated for potential fall hazards. Other alternative solutions will be used to allow a safe approach to the task
  • 29. SCAFFOLDS Scaffolds will be used only when work cannot be performed from the ground or from solid construction. Footing or anchorage for scaffolds will be sound, rigid, and capable of carrying the intended load without settling or displacement. Unstable objects, including barrels, boxes, loose bricks or concrete blocks, will not be used to support scaffolds or planks. The use of base plates and mudsills is acceptable. Access to the scaffold must be provided by a ladder, ramp, or other safe means. Never use the side frames to access the scaffold. Scaffolds will not be used during storms, high wind, or when covered by ice or snow. Scaffolds must be fully planked. Scaffolds over 10 feet from ground level must have standard guardrails, toeboards, and will be properly cross-braced. Mobile ladder stands and scaffolds will have positive wheel and/or swivel lock casters to prevent movement
  • 30. F A L L P R O T E C T I O N H A Z A R D Where fall exposures are encountered on a work site, employees will conduct an assessment of fall protection systems in use. Employee must check which system to use: fall restraint system (PFRS) or a personal fall arrest system (PFAS). A fall restraint system prevents an employee from falling any distance at all. The anchor of a fall restraint system is not called upon to withstand the force of an arrested fall – it only has to withstand the force of restraining a working from moving further than the length of the lanyard. The anchor point must support a 3,000 pound load or have a safety factor of two. A fall protection system arrests a person’s fall. IMPORTANT!: Fall restraint is preferred over fall arrest A S S E S S S M E N T
  • 31. F A L L P R O T E C T I O N EQUIPMENT SELECTION Select c
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